At this point, you should see a State Historic Marker describing the
location of the Mission San Pedro y San Pablo de Bicuņer. There are
a couple of dirt roads here that lead past the Marker. Take either one
of these roads, which should take you up to the All American Canal.
You will see signs posted warning people not to trespass. If you choose
to continue, turn right when you get up on to the canal. The cemetery
lies just a few hundred feet away, almost directly under the power lines.
Potholes was a placer-mining gold area. An article published in the
Los Angeles Times in 1902 stated that people had been digging for gold
in this area since 1720, calling Potholes the oldest placer camp in
the continental United States. To this day, people can still be seen
here panning for gold.
Potholes had at one time a population of 4 to 5 hundred miners, most
of them Mexican. The placer deposits were worked into the 1930s.
The cemetery was originally placed where the All American Canal runs
through. When construction began on the canal, construction workers
had to relocate the cemetery. The cemetery today most likely covers
a smaller area than its original location. Most of the graves are marked
by small mortuary tins with the names no longer readable. All of the
original wooden markers have deteriorated. I estimate the current total
of graves to be around 300. It could have been more than that at its
All the names below were recorded by myself from tombstone readings.
The lone record for "Richter, Richard" was found in the book,
"Southern California's Best Ghost Towns", by Philip Varney.
This book was also the source of the history noted above.
- Steve Paul Johnson
Acuņa, Nicolas, b. 1900, d. 1919
Angulo, Clara S., b. 1864, d. 1939
Enriquez, Ricarda Rios, b. 1879, d. 1928, "This Plaque Dedicated
by Grand Nephew Emilio N. Parra"
Gonzales, Est?islada, d. 1918, 90 yrs
Lopez, Antonio, b. 1917, d. 1918
Lopez, Chona M., b. 25 Feb 1885, d. 27 Dec 1983, "Recuerdo de
sus hijas Rosa y fam., Gregoria y fam., descanse en paz"
Lopez, Mike V., b. 5 Jul 1883, d. 29 May 1961, "Recuerdo de sus
esposa, hijos y nietos"
Melendrez, Manuel, d. 1916, 25 yrs, "This Cross is Made of Mesquite
Mendez, Gregorio, d. 2 Sep 1919, 78 yrs
Mendez, Juaqin, d. 30 Jul 1919, 18 yrs
Molinar, Jesus, b. 1888, d. 1933, "Esposo y Padre"
Munoz, Manuel C., b. 1883, d. 1946
Muņoz, Nicolas, b. 1848, d. 1917
Muņoz, Pilar, b. 23 Jul 1924, d. 20 Feb 1926
Olivedo, Rosa M., b. 4 Jul 1905, d. 1922
Parra, Andres and Angela N., b. 1934, d. 1934
Parra, Antonio R., b. 1904, Picacho, CA, d. Apr 1933, "In Loving
Parra, Dolores N., b. 1935, d. 1935
Parra, George E., b. 18 Oct 1936, Yuma, AZ, d. 8 Jan 1980, Hollywood,
FL, "Loving Memories from his wife Donna"
Parra, Julian, b. 19 May 1867, Ehrenburg, AZ, d. 5 May 1937,
"Son of Felizario Parra, who in April 1876 Discovered the Mesquite Diggings,
Last of the Gold Bonanzas in the Southwest - This Plaque Dedicated to
their Memory by their Family, October 25, 1969"
Parra, Manuel, b. 1906, Picacho, CA, d. 1987, El Centro, CA
Parra, Maria Ortega, b. 1931, d. 1931
Parra, Paula R., b. 1871, Gila Valley, AZ, d. 30 Mar 1928, "In
Loving Memory Nana"
Parra, Ramon N., b. 24 Oct 1914, Bard, CA, d. 9 May 1988, San
Diego, CA, "In Loving Memory Wife and Family"
Parra, Ramon R., b. 22 Feb 1889, Nortons Landing, AZ, d. 5 May
1969, "Son of Julian Parra. This Plaque Dedicated to his Memory by his
Sons and Daughters, October 25, 1969"
Parra, Tony III, b. 14 Jul 1972, d. 15 Oct 1994, "Son - Grandson
- Brother - Nephew"
Pina, Carolina M., b. 1871, d. 1960
Ramirez, Manuel, Inscriptions unreadable
Richter, Richard, d. 1907, Potholes
Ramirez, Teodoro, d. 1913, 85 yrs, "This Cross is Made of Mesquite
Rios, Trinidad Quiguis, b. 1834, d. 1909, "This Plaque Dedicated
by Great Grandson & Great Granddaughter Emilio N. Parra, Trinidad Parra
Rivera, Carolina Belen, b. Dec 1936, d. May 1937, s/w Carolina
Rivera, Carolina P., b. 3 Jun 1913, d. 6 Dec 1936, s/w Carolina
Salomon, Chale, d. 9 Jul 1922, 63 yrs
Solomon, Rosita M., b. 1903, d. 1911, "Querida Hermana"
Subiate, Ester, d. 1920
Ubert, Luis G., b. 15 Apr 1929, d. 19 Mar 1930
Vazquez, Cleotilo E., b. 1885, d. 1921
Vega, Dolores Y., b. 25 Nov 1942, d. 3 May 1943
Ybarra, Ramona V., "Niņa"